domingo, 21 de maio de 2017

Review of 49 Tarot Books. Bibliografia de Tarot. Best Tarot Books.

Review of 49 Tarot Books. Best Tarot Books. Open opera...
Bibliografia crítica de 49 livros de Tarot. Melhores livros de Tarot.
3 stars = good; 2 stars = medium; 1 star = weak; 0 star = bad.

 1- HADÈS. MANUEL COMPLET D' INTERPRETATION DU TAROT. Paris, Niclaus, 1968. In-4º 143 pp. ***
A quite sober exposition of the Tarot, specially from a psychological and spiritual approach without occultism and kabbalah, even if the author was a leading astrologer, and so infusing in each card a bit of that knowledge at correspondances levels.

2 - KNIGHT, Garret. TAROT AND MAGIC. Images for Rituals and Pathworking. Vermont, Destiny Books, 1991. In-4º 187 pp. ***

The first 76 pages are most interesting as it draws an impartial or historical vision of the evolution of the representation of the 22 arcane in the most important tarots: the original Italians , the old ones of Marseilles and then the 3 modern esoteric Wirth, Waite and Crowley. The magical and imagetic part, although a bit tedious and most subjective has some interesting notes on how some writers have made the Tarot became subject to some lines of tradition and initiation, either by the kind of drawings either by the speculations to be joined into the contemplation, sometimes in a pair or in a group of arcanes.

3 - DECKER, Ronald and DUMMET, Michael. A HISTORY OF THE OCCULT TAROT 1870-1970. Avon, Duckworth, 2002. In-4º 379 pp. ***

With an introduction of the main western sources of ocultism: egypcian, hermetic, jewish, it is mostlt a history of the diferent groups and teachers who worked with the Tarot, specially are first the french ones, than Brotherhood of Luxor, A. E. Waite, Golden Dawn, the Russians. A very good historical source.

4 - MARTEAU, Paul. LE TAROT DE MARSEILLE. Préface de Jean Paulhan, exposé de Eugene Caslant. Paris, Arts et Métiers Graphiques, 1949. In-4º 285 pp. ***
Good interpretations based in general numerical symbology and in a understanding of the colors, forms, positions and meanings of the figures and objects of Marseille arcanes, although sometimes the doctrines and ideas exposed doesn't seem so right, being a bit dualist.

5 - KNIGHT, Gareth. THE TREASURE HOUSE OF IMAGES. An introduction to the magical Dynamics of the Tarot. London, Aquarian Press, 1986. In-4º 192 pp. ***

A good comparison between the iconography aspects of each main traditional Tarots, although giving a bit to much influence or value to hypothetical Jewish sources and Golden Dawn teachings.

6  - GRAY, Eden, THE TAROT REVEALED. A modern guide to reading the tarot cards. New York, Bell Publishing Comp, 1960. In-8º obl. 120 pp. *** 

A good one. Simple and direct, with fair relations with the others major arcanes, based only in the iconography of A. E. Waite.

7 - WAITE, A. E. THE PICTORIAL KEY TO THE TAROT. London, William Rider, 1911. In-8º 340 pp. ***

A classic book, making wit commentaries on the former and almost rivals occultist interpreters of Tarot, and giving short explanations on all the 78 trumps. With fine interpretations as he was an intelectual mystic and occultist although a bit complicated, mixing to much with  the tree of life of Cabbala or becoming to much dry  sometimes. Valuable are the mottos  choose for some cards that are like mantras.

8 - LHOTE, Jean-Marie. COURT DE GEBELIN. LE TAROT, presenté et commenté par... Paris, Berg. 1983. In-4º 195 pp. *** 

A good presentation of this pioneer study of Tarot, by Lhote. Court Gebelin got the idea that the Tarot was mainly Egyptian and tried to groove it, but in fact we can only see in a few cards some reflections of the Mediterranean wisdom and probably a bit through some old Egyptians sources.

9 - SIMON, Sylvie. LE TAROT PRATIQUE. Paris, Nathan, 1988. In-4º 122 pp. ***

Good interpretations in a plain and direct language, in a fluent discourse with wisdom, sometimes with some original views, other times a bit superficial, but not a accumulation of extracts from other books or traditions.

10 - LAURENCE, Theodor. HOW THE TAROT SPEAKS TO MODERN MAN. New York, Bell Publishing Company, 1972. In-4º 216 pp. ***

The author uses the Waite Tarot and explains in a plain way the 22 arcane successively on the physical, psychological and spiritual level, and gives much importance to the polarity and their balance and unity, using also much of the stories and teachings of the Bible.

11- HUSON, Paul, THE DEVIL'S PICTURE BOOK. London, Abacus, 1972. In-8º 256 pp. **

Although full of good information from old religions  and how their Gods and tenets passed to the so called monotheistic religions and from them to the Tarot, it mixes them a bit with a certain biased view of Christianity and a certain credulity of many fake acts and merits, notably from magicians and drugs.

12 - MATHONIÈRE, Jean-Michel. L'ARCANE DES ARCANES DU TAROT. Essai sur la structure géometrique des Arcanes , Paris, Guy Tredaniel. 1985. In-4º 133 pp. ***

Many geometric drawings with the arcane numbers and positions, some good relations with Aritmosophy and Rabelais, the firts to use the word Tarau in France. He endorses the view that Tarot comes from the arabian Turuq that means school and initiatic path. 

13 - PIMENTA, Alberto. A MAGIA QUE TIRA OS PECADOS DO MUNDO. Lisboa, Cotovia, 1995. In-4º 303 pp. ***
Mostly a erudite and poetic travel on the arcanes through mythology, philosophy and literature, although not mentioning any Tarot book. Many times misses the deeper or more esoteric or spiritual aspect or interpretation; still his constant reference to writers and teachings, makes the book interesting. There is not any regularity on the level attained for each arcane. For example, in some, like on VII and XXI he doesn't say almost anything related to arcane; in the XVII relies much on Andre Breton Arcane XVII. Good ones, for example, are the I, XIV and XV. 
The Painted Caravan..
14 - RAKÓCZI, Basil Ivan. THE PAINTED CARAVAN a penetration into the secrets of the Tarot cards. Hague, L. J. C. Boucher, 1954. In-4º gr. 119 pp. ***

A quite interesting one, with a valuable perception of the history of the versions and of the expounders of Tarot (mentioning T. S. Eliot ins the Waste Land), and pertinent psycological and initiatic views, and with original drawings in a naif style.

15 - KAPLAN, Stuart. TAROT CLASSIC. London, Robert Hale, 1974. In-4º 240 pp. **

An historical aproach to the evolution of the Tarot, and then a short  and a bit superficial explanation of each arcane, sometimes inovative other times missing the point or going astraway. It gives in the end an anotated bibliography were are noted the rare or not so known books of Girolamo Bargagli, W. Gurney Benham. Leopoldo Cicoganara, R. Falconnier (1896), Muriel Bruce Hasbrouk (1941), R, Merlim, 1869. Samuel Weller Singer (1816), Rev. Ed. S. Taylor, A. E Thierens (1928), Mrs. John King Van Renselaer (1895).

16 - CHRISTIAN, Pierre. HISTOIRE DE LA MAGIE ET DU MONDE SURNATUREL. Paris, Éditions Artefact, 1986. In-4º 662 pp. ***

One of the first more abstract philosophical texts written on Tarot, it has some influences of the mystagoge Eliphas Levy that was his friend. It has only around 30 pages, who give for each card or arcane three levels of interpretation, divine, intelectual and physical, in aforisms, and then some lines on the description of the images as symbols of teachings, and ending with some lines in a kind of discourse how we should work or live with that.

17 - LASZLOË, Elisabeth. LES SECRETS DU TAROT. Paris, Editions Destins, 1952. In-4º 18 pp. **
A interesting book as Elisabeth mixes well Indian, Jewish, Christian and Rosicrucian traditions, symbols and hypotesis, surely not every time sounding well.

18 - DUMONT, Jean Paul. NOTRE DAME DES TAROTS. Paris, L'Herne, 1970. In-8º 74 pp. **
A poetic and philosophical dialogue about the Tarot and some aspects of the arcanes. Signed edition by the  author: "Chaleureusement Jean Paul, le Diable". Poetical and philosophical dialogue on Tarot and same of its meanings.

19 - POLLAK, Rachel. SETENTA E OITO GRAUS DA SABEDORIA. Um livro de Tarô. Parte I: Os Arcanos maiores. S. Paulo, Editora Nova Fronteira, 1991. In-8º 150 pp. **

Some interpretations of the cards a bit disputable, specially when she mixes without perfect concordance or harmony astrology, alchemy, mythologym religions,  still is an interesting book mostly based on Kabala, Waite Rider version and Paul Douglas interpretations.

20 - VILELA, Beatriz. TAROT HIPOCAMPO. Rio de Janeiro, Edições Hipocampo, 1990. In-8º 62 pp. **
One page for each arcane, mostly on psycological levels, generaly well but only one or two times with some originality, like arcane XII stressing  the abandonemnt to God, and in the XVIII the ilusions of apearances and emotions.

21 - MCcORMACK, Katheleen. DESCOBRIR O TAROT. Aprenda  descodificar os símbolos do Tarot e a interpretar as cartas. Lisboa, CentraLivros, 1999. In-4º máx. 144 pp. **

The most interesting part are the 22 pages dedicated to each arcane and a detailed observation of the most characteristic features and trying to explain their symbolism, sometimes well other no so much. It uses almost only the Marseilles Tarot, although it has selected in each arcane also a reproduction of another Tarot's version and making a statement based on their symbolism, which in many times doesn't have so much harmony with Marseilles or even just by the interpretation given by Kathellen McCormack, that usually is more based in greaco-roman tradition, what is rare. But at the beginning on the chapter the history of Tarot she admits some uncredible hypotesis of the origins, the one relating them to Knights Templars and then follows the usual treck of the occultists of the XIX century.

22 - DICTA et FRANÇOIS. MYTHES ET TAROTS. Le Voyage du Bateleur. Paris, Mercure de France, 1983. In-4º 206 pp. **

Relations of the 22 arcanes to 22 myths of antiquity, sometimes without so much relation but interesting as a story of some of the old myths of Greek and Rome. 
Relacionando talvez algo arbitraria ou superficialmente os 22 arcanos com 22 mitos da Antiguidade, a obra vale pelas incursões na religiosidade e mitologias da Antiguidade e bem menos no que diz sobre o Tarot.

23 - GIRIÉ, Jacques. MIRIBEL, Amédée. LE TAROT SACRÉ. Manuel Initiatique. Marseille, Jeanne Lafite, 1984. In-4º 100 pp.**

Based mostly in Oswald Wirth's Tarot, the interpretations only a few times have some originality.

24 - GETTE, Bernard Spencer Le. THE RATIONAL TAROT. How to use it, Why it works. London, 1976. In-4º 143 pp. **

Good analysis of the detailed signs of each card, the interpretations are sober, but sometimes entering into fancy paths.

25 - LIND, Frank. COMO INTERPRETAR O TAROT. Uma Galeria de Poder e Sabedoria Oculta. Ediouro, 1982. In-4º 63 pp.** Although with much information valuable on old myths and religions, and quoting many different authors on the arcanes, he mixes them, sometimes, in each symbol of each card too much and without the correct understanding and handling.

26 - SIMON, Sylvie PICARD, Marcel. A LINGUAGEM SECRETA DO TAROT. S. Paulo, Ed. Pensamento, 1997. In-8º 175 pp. **

Very dynamic story of the making of the Tarot, mixing different teachings, from Astrology to the Bible and old Religions, but many times not sound or correct, and taking as literal or truth what is mostly guesses and folks.

27 - MEBES, G. O. OS ARCANOS MAIORES DO TARÔ. Seu simbolismo, suas iniciações e seus passos para a realização espiritual. S. Paulo, s/d. In-4º 390 pp. **
A deep book and teaching from a occultist and free-mason from the beginning of XX century in Russia. Much indebted to Numerology and Kabbalah, to much schematic, still with much occultist, health  and magic teachings.

28 - MELO, Thereza. O TAROT. A arte de adivinhar com cartas. Lisboa, 1979. In-8º 133 pp. **

A nice synthesis, specially from the possible sources of Greek and Indian traditions. Some originality in the process of making the correspondence between the arcane and the phases of inner process of individuation, in a Jungian line.

29 - WIRTH, Oswald. LE SYMBOLISME HERMÉTIQUE dans ses rapports avec l'Alchimie et la Franc-Maçonnerie. Paris, Dervy-Livres, 1969. In-4º 221 pp. **

Mostly a book on free masonry and alchemy, with some references to some arcanes. Wirth has written two books on Tarot considered good ones although sometimes with too much dependence on Kabbalah and Masonry traditions or folklore.

30 - QUESTION DE Nº 55 LES ARTS DIVINATOIRES. Paris, 1984. In-4º 125 pp. **

Article of Serge Bramly on Tarot, and 22 arcanes, with interesting but sometimes wrong interpretations and routines with bad effects. For example, the Justice can have the Gnostic meaning that each good action will engender a correspondent bad action. An so some Gnostic of Alexandria went to the worst crimes in order to make someone better. Makes a quotation of Fernando Pessoa for the Foul.
31 - PAPUS. LE TAROT DIVINATOIRE. Clef du tirage des cartes et des sorts. Avec la reconstitution complète des 78 lames du Tarot Egyptien et de la méthode d'interprétation. 4ª ed. Paris, Henri Durville, c.1920. In-4º 266 pp. **

Based on Eliphas Levy and Paul Christian, it reproduces the cards of Eliphas Levy and Etteila and some Indians ones of the avatars of Vishnu. Much concentrated or syntetised here, he will develop his knowledge on the Tarot of Bohemiens. Still many of his interpretation of the symbols are much personal and sometimes out of the most probable meanings.

32 - LHOTE, Jean Marie. SHAKESPEARE DANS LES TAROTS EU AUTRES LIEUX. Revue Bizarre, nº 43-44. Paris, Jean Jacques Pauvert, 1967. In-4ºgr. 100 pp. ***

Good work, very well acquainted with iconography and cultural history of Europe and aproaching Shakespeare "Midnight Summer Dream" and Tarot through the same sources: mythology and etnography.

33 - MAYANANDA, THE TAROT FOR TODAY. London, Zeus Press, 1963. In-4º 255 pp. **
The author takes much from French occultists, kabbalist tree of life and theosophical books, making to much quotations and relations and so, although erudite and sometimes deep, it is a bit confusing and depending in information or statements impossible to prove. A book to much at mind level, without much love and spirit.

34 - BOURGEAT, J.-G. LE TAROT. Aperçu historique. Signification des vingt-deux arcanes majeurs et... Ouvrage illustré par l'Auteur. 4ª ed. Paris, Chacornac, 1923. In-8º 128 pp. *

Mixing many sources, without much understanding and relevance, in the origins of the Tarot, also his interperations are a bit without  a personal or living relation with the cards, as he mostly gives sentences of others based in numbers and their teachings. 

35 - DUQUETTE, Lon Milo. TAROT OF CEREMONIAL MAGICK. A pictorial Syntesis of Three great Pillars of Magick (Astrology, Enochian Magick, Goetia). York, Samuel Weiser, 1995. In-4º 277 pp. *
Relying to much in Qaballa  Aleister Crowley and Ennoch alpabhet and genius, the book at Tarot level is very weak: just some correspondences for each Arcane, like hebrew letter and english equivalent, numerical value, meaning, colors, path of Sepher Yetzirah, Mercurial and Qliphothic Genii, and traditional image. In contrast with that image the author gives his own image, as he has formulated and presented each own version, giving for general divinatory meanings four levels of short interpretations: spiritual, heart, intellectual, material. A bit of confusion as he tries to hold all that correspondences. May be the best are the transcripton of two lines of Crowley mnemonic for each arcane. 

36 -BASILIDE, T. LE SYMBOLISME DU TAROT. Paris, Chacornac, 1943. In-4º 53 pp. *
With to much confusion of different sources but mostly relying in Kabbalist and Jewish traditions, which he takes almost as sure and truthful and so giving very fantasist interpretations of the arcane.

37 - ENEL. TRILOGIE DE LA ROTA. Trois traités: Essai d'Astrologie Cabbalistique, Rota ou la Roue Celeste, Manuel de la Cabbale Pratique. Lyon, 1960. In-4º 347 pp. **

Mostly a book on Kabbalah in its different aspects, with much faith on them, and also with a viex of magic action, namely through pentacles.  With some explanations of the arcanes of Tarot, received from others. 

38 - THYLBUS. LES CARTES ET LES TAROTS. Methodes des Maitres de la Cartomancie, Préface de Paul-C. Jagot. Paris, 1952. In-8º 222 pp. 
In the preface, Jagot, a very known psychologist and occultist says: "Intuition, clairvoyance, lucidity, are mysterious faculties just touched by the modern psychology, where much used in Antiquity to provoke the manifestations, of different practices, called divinatory. Cartomancy is the simplest and most effective of this methods. It allows to everyone to obtain according to the receptivity, the perception of facts out of sensorial reach in time and space». But the book doesn't speak at all on the 22 Arcanes, although Jagot concludes in the preface that is «the most clear and complete treatise, according to the tradition of the Masters de l'Art».

39 - MOORNE, Dr. EL SUPREMO ARTE DE ECHAR LAS CARTAS. mexico, Editora e Distribuidora Mexicana, 1973. In-4º de 248 pp. 
Weak, with many wrong significations, and flowing a different type of cards.
 Fraco, cheio de erradas significações, seguindo um tarot diferente.

40 - SAUER, Erika. O LIVRO DO TAROT. Lisboa, Editorial Presença, 1998. In-4º de 179 pp. *

Embora com algumas linhas dedicadas a cada um dos arcanos vistos mais de um ponto de vista psicológico a obra está mais direccionada para dar exemplos de tiragens (demasiado complicadas) de cartas e como devem ser interpretadas.

41 - ARMADA, Silvia. O TAROT. Cartomância especial. O significado das lâminas maiores e arcanos menores. Tiragem de resposta imediata. Corroios, edição de autora, 2004. In-8º 50 pp. *
Bastante simples, dá explicações dos arcanos muito sumárias e destinadas a apenas a respostas aos problemas do quotidiano.

42 - DANYLIUK, Rita. TAROT. O que dizem as cartas. Lisboa, Editorial Presença, 1992. In-4º de 134 págs. *
A work with some originality in the explanations of the symbols contained in the 22 arcanes, although mostly very imaginative and not truthful, stressing to much the idea of reincarnation in many of them. Too much complicated the readings.

43 - PAPUS. LE LIVRE DE LA CHANCE, Horoscope individuel de la Chance. les secretes des Talismans. Comment faire revivre la Chance. Signes secrets de Chance. Paris, Diffusion Scientifique, 1987. In-8º de 120 pp. *
A bit melodramatic and superficial simplification of astrology, and Tarot. Obra superficial de divulgação dos ditos segredos da astrologia, da adivinhação, da magia e da sorte, dando do Tarot apenas 22 desenhos pequenos e a sua classificação em signos de sorte maior, sorte menor e azar.

44 - BARTLETT, Sarah. THE TAROT BIBLE. The definitive guide to the cards and spreads. London, Bounty Books, 2009. In-8º de 400 pp. *
Mostly a interpretative book for counseling it is a bit superficial, not at all erudite, still at the psychological level has some practical and down to down interpretations of the arcane, at the level of the normal reality or psychological level. And it is a beutiful book in colors, desisgns and images. 

45 - GODO, Carlos. O TAROT DE MARSELHA. S. Paulo. Editora do Pensamento, 1997. In-8º 124 pp. *
Very simple interpretations taking mostly the colors and designs as meaningfull symbols.

46 - BENAVIDES, Rudolph. THE PROPHETIC TAROT AND THE GREAT PYRAMID. Mexico, Editores Mexicanos Unidos, 1969. In-8º 378 pp. *
A very difficult task: to reconcile Pyramids of Egipto, Bible Mexican traditions and Apocalipsis with a bit of Tarot, and as numbers and nouns coming from Egypt. So we got many hazardous afirmations and prophecies and taking to much litteraly the Bible. The most interesting parts are some stories about dreams in Antiquity and in Mexico.

47 - PETIBON, Andrée. LE TAROT. Volume I. Origine mystique des arcanes et primauté des nombres. Vol. II La Cabbale fille ainée de la science des nombres. Vol. III L'Alchimie Mystique. la Tradition Solaire. Paris, Omnium Littéraire, 1968-1972. In-8º 3 vols. 114, 158, 94 pp. **
Defense of kabalistic and christian origin of the Tarot. In the chapter Clef des auteurs are mentioned as the best ones: Marteau, Rijnberk, Valentin Bresle, Wirth, Haven and Allendy. 

48 - CROWLEY, Alesteir. THE BOOK OF THOTH A short  essay on the Tarot of the Egyptians. New York, samuel Weiser, 1977. In-4º 287 pp. **
Although a bit unortodhox, or left handed teaching, without rules and obedience to the Divine, still is a good book as A. Crowley was inteligent and erudit and skilled in magician arts. But a bit mad in some of his extravagancies and use of drugs and sex, or in the prophecies he made. So it is a book to be read with attention and best if you are mature or you can dialogue with other people about the teachings and pratices given there.

49 - SHARMAN-BURKE, Juliet. OS SEGREDOS DO TAROT. O seu destino na leitura das Cartas. Lisboa, Editorial Estampa, 1998.
In-folio small, 128 pp. **
It is a rich work, althought with many inacurate informations, as the author compares diferent tarots (may be not in the best way as considers them all at the same level), myths and religions, without a deep knowdlege of them being. At same time she is a psychoterapist uniting her professional work with tarot counseling, using the 78 cards.  Still her spiritual vision adn experience is not so much present, but more a capacity to read and to listen and then just give a sound and prudent advice, as we can see from some examples of readings... 

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