domingo, 21 de maio de 2017

Review of 57 Tarot Books. Bibliografia de Tarot. Best Tarot Books.

Review of 57 Tarot Books. Best Tarot Books... Open opera...
Bibliografia crítica de 57 livros de Tarot. Melhores livros de Tarot.
4* = very good; 3* = good; 2* = medium; 1* = weak; 0* = bad.

 1- HADÈS. MANUEL COMPLET D' INTERPRETATION DU TAROT. Paris, Niclaus, 1968. In-4º 143 pp. ***
A quite sober exposition of the Tarot taken from the Marseille version, specially from a psychological and spiritual approach, without occultism and kabbalah, even if the author was a leading astrologer, and so infusing in each card a bit of that knowledge at correspondences levels.
2 - KNIGHT, Garret. TAROT AND MAGIC. Images for Rituals and Pathworking. Vermont, Destiny Books, 1991. In-4º 187 pp. ***

The first 76 pages are the most interesting, as it draws an impartial or historical vision of the evolution of the representation of the 22 arcane in the most important sets of tarots: the original Italians, the old ones of Marseilles and then the three modern esoteric ones: Oswald Wirth, Arthur Ed. Waite and A. Crowley. The magical and imagetic part, although a bit tedious and most subjective, has some interesting notes on how some writers have made the Tarot became subject to some lines of tradition and initiation, either by the kind of drawings either by the speculations to be joined into the contemplation, sometimes in a pair or in a group of arcanes.
3 - DECKER, Ronald and DUMMET, Michael. A HISTORY OF THE OCCULT TAROT 1870-1970. Avon, Duckworth, 2002. In-4º 379 pp. ***

With an introduction of the main western sources of ocultism: egypcian, hermetic, jewish, it is mostly a history of the diferent groups and teachers who worked with the Tarot, specially the first the french occultist ones, than Brotherhood of Luxor, A. E. Waite, Golden Dawn and the Russians. A very good historical source.
4 - MARTEAU, Paul. LE TAROT DE MARSEILLE. Préface de Jean Paulhan, exposé de Eugene Caslant. Paris, Arts et Métiers Graphiques, 1949. In-4º 285 pp. ***
Good interpretations based in general numerical symbology and in a understanding of the colors, forms, positions and meanings of the figures and objects of Marseille arcanes, although sometimes the doctrines and ideas exposed don't seem so right, being also a bit dualist.
5 - KNIGHT, Gareth. THE TREASURE HOUSE OF IMAGES. An introduction to the magical Dynamics of the Tarot. London, Aquarian Press, 1986. In-4º 192 pp. **

A good comparison between the iconography aspects of each main traditional Tarot, although giving a bit to much influence or value to some hypothetical Jewish sources and Golden Dawn teachings.
6  - GRAY, Eden, THE TAROT REVEALED. A modern guide to reading the tarot cards. New York, Bell Publishing Comp, 1960. In-8º obl. 120 pp. **

Simple and direct, with fair relations of each arcane with the others major arcanes, but based only in the iconography or version of A. E. Waite.

7 - WAITE, A. E. THE PICTORIAL KEY TO THE TAROT. London, William Rider, 1911. In-8º 340 pp. ***

A classic book, making wit commentaries on the former and almost rivals occultist interpreters of Tarot, and giving short explanations of all the 78 trumps. With fine interpretations, as he was an intelectual mystic and occultist, although a bit complicated, mixing to much with  the tree of life of Cabbala or becoming to much dry sometimes. Valuable are the mottos  choose for some cards that are like mantras.
8 - LHOTE, Jean-Marie. COURT DE GEBELIN. LE TAROT, presenté et commenté par... Paris, Berg. 1983. In-4º 195 pp. *** 

A good presentation of this pioneer study of Tarot, by Lhote. Court Gebelin got the idea that the Tarot was mainly Egyptian and tried to groove it, but in fact we can only see in a few cards (and not of the primordial italians Tarots) some reflections of the Mediterranean wisdom and probably a bit through some old Egyptians sources.
9 - SIMON, Sylvie. LE TAROT PRATIQUE. Paris, Nathan, 1988. In-4º 122 pp. ***

Good interpretations in a plain and direct language, in a fluent discourse with wisdom, sometimes with some original views, other times a bit superficial, but not a accumulation of extracts from other books or traditions.

10 - LAURENCE, Theodor. HOW THE TAROT SPEAKS TO MODERN MAN. New York, Bell Publishing Company, 1972. In-4º 216 pp. ***

The author uses the Waite Tarot and explains in a plain way the 22 arcanes successively on the physical, psychological and spiritual levels, and gives much importance to the polarity and their balance and unity, using also may be to much of the stories and teachings of the Bible.
11- HUSON, Paul, THE DEVIL'S PICTURE BOOK. London, Abacus, 1972. In-8º 256 pp. **

Although full of good information from old religions  and how their Gods and tenets passed to the so called monotheistic religions and from them to the Tarot, it mixes them a bit with a certain biased view of Christianity and a certain credulity of many fake acts and merits, notably from magicians and drugs.
12 - MATHONIÈRE, Jean-Michel. L'ARCANE DES ARCANES DU TAROT. Essai sur la structure géometrique des Arcanes, Paris, Guy Tredaniel. 1985. In-4º 133 pp. ***

Many geometric drawings with the arcane numbers and positions, some good relations with Aritmosophy and Rabelais, the first to use the word Tarau in France. He endorses the view that Tarot comes from the arabian Turuq that means school and initiatic path. 
13 - PIMENTA, Alberto. A MAGIA QUE TIRA OS PECADOS DO MUNDO. Lisboa, Cotovia, 1995. In-4º 303 pp. ***
Mostly a erudite and poetic travel on the arcanes through mythology, philosophy and literature, although not mentioning any Tarot book. Many times misses the deeper or more esoteric or spiritual aspect or interpretation; still his constant reference to writers and teachings, makes the book interesting. There is not any regularity on the level attained for each arcane. For example, in some, like on VII and XXI he doesn't say almost anything related to arcane; in the XVII relies much on Andre Breton Arcane XVII. Good ones, for example, are the I, XIV and XV. 
The Painted Caravan..
14 - RAKÓCZI, Basil Ivan. THE PAINTED CARAVAN, a penetration into the secrets of the Tarot cards. Hague, L. J. C. Boucher, 1954. In-4º gr. 119 pp. ***

A quite interesting one, with a valuable perception of the history of the versions and of the expounders of Tarot (mentioning T. S. Eliot in the Waste Land), and pertinent psycological and initiatic views, and with original drawings in a naif style.
15 - KAPLAN, Stuart. TAROT CLASSIC. London, Robert Hale, 1974. In-4º 240 pp. **

An historical aproach to the evolution of the Tarot, and then a short and a bit superficial explanation of each arcane, sometimes inovative other times missing the point or going astraway. It gives in the end an anotated bibliography where are noted the rare or not so known books of Girolamo Bargagli, W. Gurney Benham. Leopoldo Cicoganara, R. Falconnier (1896), Muriel Bruce Hasbrouk (1941), R, Merlim, 1869. Samuel Weller Singer (1816), Rev. Ed. S. Taylor, A. E Thierens (1928), Mrs. John King Van Renselaer (1895).
16 - CHRISTIAN, Pierre. HISTOIRE DE LA MAGIE ET DU MONDE SURNATUREL. Paris, Éditions Artefact, 1986. In-4º 662 pp. ***

One of the first more abstract philosophical texts written on Tarot, in 1870, under this pseudomy, but from Jean Baptiste Pitois (1811-1877) it has some influences of the mystagoge Eliphas Levy that was his friend, since 1850.  It has only around 30 pages, who give for each card or arcane three levels of interpretation, divine, intelectual and physical, in aforisms, and then some lines on the description of the 22 images as symbols of teachings given in the initiations at Egypt's pyramids, and ending with some lines in a kind of discourse how we should work or live with that. The main emphasis of the cards and of Life is the Science of the Will Power, and the work reflects the Masonic trends and Court de Gebelin, who was also a free-mason.

17 - LASZLOË, Elisabeth. LES SECRETS DU TAROT. Paris, Editions Destins, 1952. In-4º 18 pp. **
A interesting book as Elisabeth mixes well Indian, Jewish, Christian and Rosicrucian traditions, symbols and hypotesis, surely not every time sounding well.
18 - DUMONT, Jean Paul. NOTRE DAME DES TAROTS. Paris, L'Herne, 1970. In-8º 74 pp. **
A poetic and philosophical dialogue about the Tarot and some aspects of the arcanes. Signed edition by the  author: "Chaleureusement Jean Paul, le Diable". Poetical and philosophical dialogue on Tarot and same of its meanings.

19 - POLLAK, Rachel. SETENTA E OITO GRAUS DA SABEDORIA. Um livro de Tarô. Parte I: Os Arcanos maiores. S. Paulo, Editora Nova Fronteira, 1991. In-8º 150 pp. **

Some interpretations of the cards a bit disputable, specially when she mixes, without perfect concordance or harmony, astrology, alchemy, mythology and religions,  still it is an interesting book, although mostly based on Kabala, Waite Rider version of Tarot and Paul Douglas interpretations.
20 - VILELA, Beatriz. TAROT HIPOCAMPO. Rio de Janeiro, Edições Hipocampo, 1990. In-8º 62 pp. **
One page for each arcane, mostly on psycological levels, generaly well but only one or two times with some originality, like arcane XII stressing  the abandonemnt to God, and in the XVIII the ilusions of apearances and emotions.
21 - MCcORMACK, Katheleen. DESCOBRIR O TAROT. Aprenda  descodificar os símbolos do Tarot e a interpretar as cartas. Lisboa, CentraLivros, 1999. In-4º máx. 144 pp. **

The most interesting part are the 22 pages dedicated to each arcane and a detailed observation of the most characteristic features and trying to explain their symbolism, sometimes well others no so much. It uses almost only the Marseille Tarot, although it has selected in each arcane also a reproduction of another Tarot's version and making a statement based on their symbolism, which in many times doesn't have so much harmony with Marseille, or even it is just the interpretation given by Kathellen McCormack, that usually is more based in graeco-roman tradition, what is rare in the other Tarot explainers. But at the beginning on the chapter The history of Tarot she admits some uncredible hypotesis of the origins, the one relating them to Knights Templars and then follows the usual treck of the occultists of the XIX century.
22 - DICTA et FRANÇOIS. MYTHES ET TAROTS. Le Voyage du Bateleur. Paris, Mercure de France, 1983. In-4º 206 pp. **

Relations of the 22 arcanes to 22 myths of antiquity, sometimes without so much accuracy but anyway interesting as a story of some of the old myths of Greek and Rome. 
Relacionando talvez algo arbitraria ou superficialmente os 22 arcanos com 22 mitos da Antiguidade, a obra vale pelas incursões na religiosidade e mitologias da Antiguidade e bem menos no que diz sobre o Tarot.
23 - GIRIÉ, Jacques. MIRIBEL, Amédée. LE TAROT SACRÉ. Manuel Initiatique. Marseille, Jeanne Lafite, 1984. In-4º 100 pp.**

Based mostly in Oswald Wirth's Tarot, the interpretations only a few times have some originality.
24 - GETTE, Bernard Spencer Le. THE RATIONAL TAROT. How to use it, Why it works. London, 1976. In-4º 143 pp. **

Good analysis of the detailed signs of each card, the interpretations are sober, but sometimes entering into fancy paths.

25 - LIND, Frank. COMO INTERPRETAR O TAROT. Uma Galeria de Poder e Sabedoria Oculta. Ediouro, 1982. In-4º 63 pp.** Although with much information valuable on old myths and religions, and quoting many different authors on the arcanes, he mixes them, sometimes, in each symbol of each card too much and without the correct understanding and handling.
26 - SIMON, Sylvie PICARD, Marcel. A LINGUAGEM SECRETA DO TAROT. S. Paulo, Ed. Pensamento, 1997. In-8º 175 pp. **

Very dynamic story of the making of the Tarot, mixing different teachings, from Astrology to the Bible and old Religions, but many times not sound or correct, and taking as literal or truth what is mostly guesses and folks.
27 - MEBES, G. O. OS ARCANOS MAIORES DO TARÔ. Seu simbolismo, suas iniciações e seus passos para a realização espiritual. S. Paulo, s/d. In-4º 390 pp. **
A deep book and teaching from a occultist and free-mason from the beginning of XX century in Russia. Much indebted to Numerology and Kabbalah, to much schematic, still with much occultist, health  and magic teachings.
28 - MELO, Thereza. O TAROT. A arte de adivinhar com cartas. Lisboa, 1979. In-8º 133 pp. **

A nice synthesis, specially from the possible sources of Greek and Indian traditions. Some originality in the process of making the correspondence between the arcane and the phases of inner process of individuation, in a Jungian line.
29 - WIRTH, Oswald. LE SYMBOLISME HERMÉTIQUE dans ses rapports avec l'Alchimie et la Franc-Maçonnerie. Paris, Dervy-Livres, 1969. In-4º 221 pp. **

Mostly a book on free masonry and alchemy, with some references to some arcanes. Wirth has written two books on Tarot considered good ones although sometimes with too much dependence on Kabbalah and Masonry traditions or folklore.
30 - QUESTION DE Nº 55 LES ARTS DIVINATOIRES. Paris, 1984. In-4º 125 pp. **

Article of Serge Bramly on Tarot, and 22 arcanes, with interesting but sometimes wrong interpretations with potential bad effects. For example, the Justice can have the Gnostic meaning that each good action will engender a correspondent bad action. And so some Gnostic of Alexandria went to the worst crimes in order to make someone better... Dangerous... Makes a quotation of Fernando Pessoa for the Foul.
31 - PAPUS. LE TAROT DIVINATOIRE. Clef du tirage des cartes et des sorts. Avec la reconstitution complète des 78 lames du Tarot Egyptien et de la méthode d'interprétation. 4ª ed. Paris, Henri Durville, c.1920. In-4º 266 pp. **

Based on Eliphas Levy and Paul Christian, it reproduces the cards of Eliphas Levy and Etteila and some Indians ones of the avatars of Vishnu. Much concentrated or syntetised here, he will develop his knowledge on the Tarot of Bohemiens. Still many of his interpretation of the symbols are much personal and sometimes out of the most probable meanings.

32 - LHOTE, Jean Marie. SHAKESPEARE DANS LES TAROTS EU AUTRES LIEUX. Revue Bizarre, nº 43-44. Paris, Jean Jacques Pauvert, 1967. In-4ºgr. 100 pp. ***

Good work, very well acquainted with iconography and cultural history of Europe and aproaching Shakespeare "Midnight Summer Dream" and Tarot through the same sources: mythology and etnography.

33 - MAYANANDA, THE TAROT FOR TODAY. London, Zeus Press, 1963. In-4º 255 pp. **
The author takes much from French occultists, kabbalist tree of life and theosophical books, making to much quotations and relations and so, although erudite and sometimes deep, it is a bit confusing and depending in informations or statements impossible to prove. A book to much at mind level, without much love and spirit.
34 - BOURGEAT, J.-G. LE TAROT. Aperçu historique. Signification des vingt-deux arcanes majeurs et... Ouvrage illustré par l'Auteur. 4ª ed. Paris, Chacornac, 1923. In-8º 128 pp. *

Mixing many sources, without much understanding and relevance, in the origins of the Tarot, also his interperations are a bit without  a personal or living relation with the cards, as he mostly gives sentences of others based in numbers and their teachings. 
35 - DUQUETTE, Lon Milo. TAROT OF CEREMONIAL MAGICK. A pictorial Syntesis of Three great Pillars of Magick (Astrology, Enochian Magick, Goetia). York, Samuel Weiser, 1995. In-4º 277 pp. *
Relying to much in Qaballa  Aleister Crowley and Ennoch alpabhet and genius, the book at Tarot level is very weak: just some correspondences for each Arcane, like hebrew letter and english equivalent, numerical value, meaning, colors, path of Sepher Yetzirah, Mercurial and Qliphothic Genii, and traditional image. In contrast with that image the author gives his own image, as he has formulated and presented to each his own version, giving for general divinatory meanings four levels of short interpretations: spiritual, heart, intellectual, material. A bit of confusion as he tries to hold all that correspondences. May be the best are the transcripton of two lines of Crowley's mnemonic for each arcane. 
36 - BASILIDE, T. LE SYMBOLISME DU TAROT. Paris, Chacornac, 1943. In-4º 53 pp. *
With to much confusion of different sources but mostly relying in Kabbalist and Jewish traditions, which he takes almost as sure and truthful and so giving very fantasists interpretations of the arcane.
37 - ENEL. TRILOGIE DE LA ROTA. Trois traités: Essai d'Astrologie Cabbalistique, Rota ou la Roue Celeste, Manuel de la Cabbale Pratique. Lyon, 1960. In-4º 347 pp. **

Mostly a book on Kabbalah in its different aspects, with much faith on them, and also with a view of magic action, namely through pentacles.  With some explanations of the arcanes of Tarot, received from others. 
38 - THYLBUS. LES CARTES ET LES TAROTS. Methodes des Maitres de la Cartomancie, Préface de Paul-C. Jagot. Paris, 1952. In-8º 222 pp.
In the preface, Jagot, a very known psychologist and occultist says: "Intuition, clairvoyance, lucidity, are mysterious faculties just touched by the modern psychology, where much used in Antiquity to provoke the manifestations, of different practices, called divinatory. Cartomancy is the simplest and most effective of this methods. It allows to everyone to obtain according to the receptivity, the perception of facts out of sensorial reach in time and space». But the book doesn't speak at all on the 22 Arcanes, although Jagot concludes in the preface that is «the most clear and complete treatise, according to the tradition of the Masters de l'Art».
39 - MOORNE, Dr. EL SUPREMO ARTE DE ECHAR LAS CARTAS. mexico, Editora e Distribuidora Mexicana, 1973. In-4º de 248 pp. 
Weak, with many wrong significations, and following a different type of cards than the tarot.
 Fraco, cheio de erradas significações, seguindo um tarot diferente.

40 - SAUER, Erika. O LIVRO DO TAROT. Lisboa, Editorial Presença, 1998. In-4º de 179 pp. *

Embora com algumas linhas dedicadas a cada um dos arcanos vistos mais de um ponto de vista psicológico, a obra está mais direccionada para dar exemplos de tiragens (demasiado complicadas) de cartas e como devem ser interpretadas. A book mostly on readings of the cards, with a few lines on each arcane.
41 - ARMADA, Silvia. O TAROT. Cartomância especial. O significado das lâminas maiores e arcanos menores. Tiragem de resposta imediata. Corroios, edição de autora, 2004. In-8º 50 pp. *
Bastante simples, dá explicações dos arcanos muito sumárias e destinadas a apenas a respostas aos problemas do quotidiano.
42 - DANYLIUK, Rita. TAROT. O que dizem as cartas. Lisboa, Editorial Presença, 1992. In-4º de 134 págs. *
A work with some originality in the explanations of the symbols contained in the 22 arcanes, although mostly very imaginative and not truthful, stressing to much the idea of reincarnation in many of them. Too much complicated the readings.
43 - PAPUS. LE LIVRE DE LA CHANCE, Horoscope individuel de la Chance. les secretes des Talismans. Comment faire revivre la Chance. Signes secrets de Chance. Paris, Diffusion Scientifique, 1987. In-8º de 120 pp. *
A bit melodramatic and superficial simplification of astrology and Tarot. Obra superficial de divulgação dos ditos segredos da astrologia, da adivinhação, da magia e da sorte, dando do Tarot apenas 22 desenhos pequenos e a sua classificação em signos de sorte maior, sorte menor e azar.
44 - BARTLETT, Sarah. THE TAROT BIBLE. The definitive guide to the cards and spreads. London, Bounty Books, 2009. In-8º de 400 pp. *
Mostly a interpretative book for counseling, it is a bit superficial, not at all erudite, still at the psychological level has some practical and down to down interpretations of the arcane, at the level of the normal reality or psychological level. And it is a beautiful book in colors, design and images. 
45 - GODO, Carlos. O TAROT DE MARSELHA. S. Paulo. Editora do Pensamento, 1997. In-8º 124 pp. *
Very simple interpretations, taking mostly the colors and designs as meaningfull symbols.
46 - BENAVIDES, Rudolph. THE PROPHETIC TAROT AND THE GREAT PYRAMID. Mexico, Editores Mexicanos Unidos, 1969. In-8º 378 pp. *
A very difficult task: to reconcile Pyramids of Egipto, Bible Mexican traditions and Apocalipsis with a bit of Tarot, and as numbers and nouns coming from Egypt. So we got many hazardous afirmations and prophecies and taking to much litteraly the Bible. The most interesting parts are some stories about dreams in Antiquity and in Mexico.
47 - PETIBON, Andrée. LE TAROT. Volume I. Origine mystique des arcanes et primauté des nombres. Vol. II La Cabbale fille ainée de la science des nombres. Vol. III L'Alchimie Mystique. la Tradition Solaire. Paris, Omnium Littéraire, 1968-1972. In-8º 3 vols. 114, 158, 94 pp. **
Defense of kabalistic and christian origin of the Tarot. In the chapter Clef des auteurs are mentioned as the best ones: Marteau, Rijnberk, Valentin Bresle, Wirth, Haven and Allendy. 

48 - CROWLEY, Alesteir. THE BOOK OF THOTH A short  essay on the Tarot of the Egyptians. New York, samuel Weiser, 1977. In-4º 287 pp. **
Although a bit unortodhox, or left handed teaching, without rules and obedience to the Divine, still is a good book as A. Crowley was inteligent and erudit and skilled in magician arts. But a bit mad in some of his extravagancies and use of drugs and sex, or in the prophecies he made. So it is a book to be read with attention and best if you are mature or you can dialogue with people about the teachings and pratices given there.
49 - SHARMAN-BURKE, Juliet. OS SEGREDOS DO TAROT. O seu destino na leitura das Cartas. Lisboa, Editorial Estampa, 1998.
In-folio small, 128 pp. **
It is a rich work, althought with many inacurate informations, as the author compares diferent tarots (may be not in the best way as considers them all at the same level), myths and religions, without a deep knowdlege of them being present. At same time she is a psychoterapist uniting her professional work with tarot counseling, using the 78 cards.  Still her spiritual vision and experience is not so much present, but more a capacity to read and to listen and then just give a sound and prudent advice, as we can see from some examples of readings...

50 - WANG, Robert. THE GOLDEN DAWN TAROT. 3th printing. New York, Samuel Weiser,1981. In-8º 158 pp. ** 
The author believes or claims that Golden Dawn Tarot «is the only published deck which includes all of the correct atributions of a secret oral tradition», and that is the result of MacGregor Mather's intensive research and his contacts with the secret oral tradition... He writes a interesting view of the Golden Dawn Tarot history, and then gives some of the writings on Tarot meanings and use given by members of Golden Dawn, with much of that concerned with the Minor trumps, and only 9 pages are The Tarot Trumps («glyphs of cosmic not human forces») by G.H. Soror, Q. L. The laying of the cards to divination used is to complex, as also the constant mentions to tree of life of kabala and their correspondences, a bit artificial, to planets, colors, angels, gods. A book a bit mystagogic.

51 - BENNETT, Sidney. THE TAROT FOR THE MILLIONS.  In-8º 157 pp. Los Angeles, Sherbourne Press, 1967. *
The author expresses his gratitude to Arthur Waite, Wenzel Brown and Basil Ivan Rakoczi, by their invaluable labour and mentions also the interest in Tarot of Einstein, Vincent Price, prof. Frank Baxter and Aldous Huxley. With stories and the meagre explanations meant to millions, some a bit odd: «Hanged man (...) This is also the card of the religious fanatic who, like the Budhist monks today, will burn themselves to death to prove a point». Nice, although a bit patriarcal, the comentaries (the longest and poetical ones) to the Highest Priestess: «She is the spirit of woman, the essence of all that is female. She is the woman every man sees when he is in love (...)»

52 - GERUSKIS-ESTES, Susan. THE BOOK OF TAROT. Illustrated with the Morgan-Greer Tarot. New York, Morgan & Morgan, 1981. In-8º 96 pp. **
Explains the symbols of this unusual Tarot with some explanations interesting ones even if not true, like for arcane I: «The golden band around the Magician's head is the Egypcian symbol of the divine spark in man, put forth by God», but in general sound ones like relating the V, the Hierophant, to the Mysteries of Demeter, at Eleusis, and the VII to the perfected personality. In the VIII Justice, the double edged sword which cuts through both sides of any situation so that it can be viewd more clearly. The sword symbolizes psychic decisiveness and the Law of the Universe. It represents the Word of God; that which is true and just». In the Temperance sees the cups of subsconscious and superconscious and the raising of the lower to the higher. And the folowing one, of the Devil, as showing we can in life choose the way of the angel or of the devil. 

53 - SMEDT, Evelyn de. BARDET, Vincent. BRAMLY, Serge. LA PRATIQUE DES ARTS DIVINATOIRES. Astrologie; Tarots; Chiromancie, Yi-King. Paris, Editions Robert Laffont, 1976. In-4º 287 pp. **
A combination of different aproaches with general sound psychological interpretations and a few insights. The best part are some analogies with alchemy, the worst some forced correspondences with the letters and meanings of hebrew alphabet and also with the identification of persons and gods. Well seen the woman of the arcane XVII, as naked and kneeling as symbols of humility, and the two jars are now similar, althoug it mystifies a bit considering her as gone beyond all ilusions and dualities.

54 - LIND, Frank. HOW TO UNDERSTAND THE TAROT. A gallery of occult power and wisdom. Wellingborough, The Aquarian Press, 1979. In-8º 96 pp. **
Altought mixing to much citations from others writers on Tarot, shares some good insights with others not so much historicaly correct. Considers that the Jugler, I, has a pentacle in his right hand and folowing Papus (what happens to much times, leading to errors, like the cupido on VI being the spirit of Justice) represents Osiris, and II the High Priestess, Isis. For the Empress quotes M. Esher Harding saying that represents Ishtar, and Tammuz was his son, the vegetation of the earth, or Urikittu, the Green One. But sees also in her the goddesses Acca Larentia, Demeter and Ceres. In the arcan V, the Pope sees, folowing H. T. Morley, the sceptre as the triple phalus of Osiris recovered. In the card X values to go beyond the ups and downs, controler of the Destiny, free from the Wheel.
Gives the name of Enchanteress to the arcane XI, Strenght, seeing roots in the spearing of the monster Apep, in Egypt, Thebes, temple of Amon Ra. Seeing some much discrepancies in the astrological affinities of this card, says rightly: «the futility of attempting to make the Tarot conform strictly to the Zodiac, still sugests to be Virgo subduing the fiery passions of Leo and bringing the 2 sides of his nature in perfect balance». About the Hanged man quotes and endorses Grillot de Givry: «the agreement between letters of the hebrew alphabet and the designs of the major Arcana  does not go far». In the arcane of the Star, considers the largest star to be the egyptian Sahu, the glorified body, the body of fire or star.
 55 - BERTI, Giordano & GONARD, Tiberio. - VISCONTI TAROTS. Torino, Lo Scarabeo, 2002. In-8º 159 pp. ***
A good book, with a preliminary study on divination and the art (not science) of cartomancy, by T. Gonard, good as pointing to a self study and to an understanding of the ways of improving the pilgrimage of life, may a bit complicating with so many methods of taking, and so many cards, even if he believes that human beings can be easily inspired from higher levels of themselves. Then we have the explanations of the Visconti triomphi, indeed the oldest ones, in a quit sober and even erudite way, as Giordano Berti tries to relate the symbolic or alegorical representations to paintings, literature and religious dogmas and principles. But it is a bit to much against recognizing pagan influences and tries to reaffirm constantly the christian catholicity of all the arcanes, laughing even of the egypcian, occultist and kabalistic views of so many tarots and expounders.  Then we have another time a text of Tiberio Gonard, now interpretating the Minor Arcanes quite a bit in a very student or encyclopedical way, full of non sense affirmations, even if coming from S. Agustine  and others saints.
Any way a reasonable book on the primordial Tarot, made in Milan for the Visconti and Sforza, just as a religious and humanist game, for which we don't know so much today how they were played, as the divination aplication has come much later. So it seems a bit contradictory to have at the end, of each arcane's historical and symbolical explanations, some lines about the divinatory meanings, even for the case of the cards being reversed.... 

56 - ROUGEMONT, Denis de.  PRESENTATION DU TAROT. In the French-American quartely of poetry Hemispheres. Vol. II  nº5, Spring 1945. In-4º 31 to 45 p. ***
Chapters: on the Origins, Etteila, Variations about their identifications, Correspondances of the 4 trumps, The Arcanes as great Dreams, How to use them, Interpretations of the arcane 0 the Fool, and X, the Wheel. Considers that the french Tarot mentioned in 1393 follows the venetian patterns, and than follows the pseudo-Mantegna, of 1400. Boiteau in 1854 afirms they were coming from India and not from Egypt as Gibelin, Etteila. Odoucett and Eliphas Levy defended. Thinks that the arcanes are symbols either hierathique either dramatic, like a dream fixed, ready to be analysed. Some figures like the Papess, the Empereur, the Hermit, the Justice appear like true archetips of the Unconsciousness, in their insondable immobility and infinitly alusiveness. But the Wheel, the Last Judgment, the Moon, the Tower are great cosmic or psychic events, either depicted in the moment of their extreme tension either rsumed from their beginnings to their conclusions. They are an alphabet of Universal poetry without origins but coming from the Mothers, the eternal underground. But accepts the idea of Heirich Zimmer that the arcanes may be a trasmission from the manicheans or cathars. Following Tassin and Paul Foster case admits that the Tarot was mostly a psychoterapy through a meditation and yoga until seeing as the thing are and ourselves. Gives some byzarre interpretations from Heinrich Zimmer and Elie Alta, and some more sound from B. McM. Hazard.

57 - TAROCHI, le carte del Destino. A cura di G. Berti - A. Vitali. Museo Nazionale  di Castel Sant'Angelo, Edizione le Tarot, s/d. (1994). In-folio 152 p.  ****
Excelent exposition held in Castel Sant'Angelo, with beautiful old images and good articles, historical and esoteric, with erudition and knowledge. We mention all the contributions, and we give more emphatic value to Giordano Berti e Pietro Marsilli, with a excelent article La Difusione dei Tarocchi tra i secc. XV-XIX,  in 19 pages of text and 21 of images. Then then we mention Franco Cardini, Paolo Aldo Rossi, Lorenzo Dattrino, Andrea Ascari e Monica Canducci. Last two ones,  Andrea Vitali, the Iconografia dei Tarocchi,  very good 26 pages of text;  and Giordano Berti, Tarocchi e Occultismo, a good article in 17 pages where he speaks on Court Gebelin, Etteila, Elifas Levi, Paul Christian, Jean Alexandre Vaillant, Ordine Cabbalistico della Rose Cruce (Guaita, Papus, Oswald Wirth), Golden Dawn, A. E. Waite and Aleister Crowley, giving a panoramic view of the main occultists of the XIX and XX Century, with 10 pages of illustrations of the different Tarots.
                            Light, Love and Peace!

2 comentários:

_R_ disse...

That's a great list of books, thanks for these reviews.

You might also enjoy El tarot o la máquina de imaginar by Alberto Cousté.

Pedro Teixeira da Mota. disse...

Thank you for your kind feeling and sugestion. I have seen the book many years ago. I have to find it another time. Best understandings on the path and inspirations.